The Director-General of the ILO, Mr Guy Ryder, launched the annual World Employment and Social Outlook entitled “Transforming Jobs to End Poverty” on May 18th 2016. The report highlights the central importance of productive employment in achieving the SDGs, in particular Goal 1, “ending poverty in all its forms everywhere”.
Six policy directions are considered to address this problem:
1. Low-productivity traps, which lie at the heart of poverty, need to be tackled. This can be done by promoting sustainable enterprises and facilitating transitions from the informal to the formal economy, with formal employment arrangements; by tackling job precariousness, and by investing in skills and in lagging sectors, particularly agriculture and rural non-farm economies.
2. Rights at work should be strengthened: individuals need the rights and the choices to enable them to refuse low-quality forms of work which do not enable them to escape poverty. This highlights the importance of international labour standards and social protection floors.
3. Well-designed employment and social policies are crucial. In addition, given the high incidence of poverty among children, it is urgent to strengthen targeted schemes that combine education with income support.
4. Governments’ capacity to implement poverty-reducing policies and standards should be reinforced. To implement policies to reach the poor, an effective labour administration, delivery institutions and social dialogue are essential, and corruption needs to be tackled.
5. Public resources need to be boosted. A progressive tax base and fair tax treatment of large and small enterprises are important, and a broader distribution of wealth and income would make a significant difference in enabling progress to be made in poverty reduction.
6. A major international efforts is needed to achieve the full realization of the Sustainable Development Goals. The report shows that decent work is a necessary condition for ending poverty by 2030. The ILO will certainly seek to catalyse international cooperation on policies that boost decent work and sustainable enterprises, in close cooperation with the UN, the World Bank and donor countries. That kind of medium-term approach to eradicating poverty, through quality and sustainable job creation, is crucial to success.
For the full report, click here .
For the report's charts and key messages, click here .