For several years, the Government of Nepal and development partners have been working together to develop a stronger evidence base to inform thinking about social protection policy and support the implementation and scale up of social protection interventions. In 2009, a National Steering Committee on Social Protection (NSC-SP) was formed with three main objectives:
- Review existing social protection interventions and their delivery systems
- Identify and appraise various options for social protection along with financing and delivery mechanisms for Nepal
- Develop a comprehensive, consensual and consolidated framework of cost effective social protection interventions through extensive consultations with policymakers, stakeholders within and outside government, as well as with development partners.
None of this can be done effectively unless it is based on solid evidence. To support the Government of Nepal, the national development partners Social Protection Task Team (SPTT) aims to build and promote a Nepal specific evidence-base on key issues and interventions, including targeting methodologies, delivery systems and monitoring and evaluation in order to inform key policy and programmatic decisions.
This paper arises from DFID’s desire to support the achievement of this objective and is part of DFID’s broader global commitment to understand “what works in social protection.” DFID’s forthcoming global Evidence Paper on Social Protection emphasizes the need to invest in building stronger evidence through robust monitoring and evaluation.
This discussion paper is the first in a series of papers that aim to fill the evidence gaps in Nepal by situating the country’s experiences within a wider international context. We hope that it will help policy makers take more informed choices on how to target social protection benefits. A broader aim, however, is to contribute to the global debate on targeting social protection.