The evidence builds: the case for an inclusive child grant in Kenya

Social protection coverage of households in Kenya

An inclusive child grant of 500Ksh per child per month would help realise the right to an adequate standard of living and the right to social protection for all Kenyans.

This is the finding in a report authored by Development Pathways under the direction of WFP and UNICEF to support the Government of Kenya in its policy-making. In this piece of work, we sought to examine the ...

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Stronger citizen action needed over South African social security, our research finds

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Social accountability initiatives that aim to engage citizens over South African social security entitlements have not strengthened the state-society relationship. It is also “difficult to attribute action to remove gaps in service delivery” to these initiatives.

These are conclusions of a case study on social protection programmes in South Africa, hailed as the government’s chief initiative for tackling inequality. The case ...

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How to Design Inclusive Social Protection Systems – UN and Development Pathways

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Nations in the Asia-Pacific region should take a step-by-step approach to building universal social protection schemes to avoid excluding over 40% of people living in poverty who should have received support. A new UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia-Pacific policy guide developed in collaboration with Development Pathways highlights that universal programmes reach everyone in need.

They avoid the high exclusion errors of a number ...

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Ethiopia pilot leads to social protection service improvements and better state-society relations

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Social accountability initiatives in two local areas in Ethiopia contributed to improvements in the service delivery of a social protection programme and state-society relations. But the social accountability mechanisms benefited the most marginalised citizens less.

These are the findings of a case study on social accountability in social protection carried out as part of research for the UK’s Department for International Development. DFID contracted Development Pathways ...

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Pro-poor or anti-poor? The World Bank and IMF’s approach to social protection

The increasing role the World Bank and the IMF play in shaping national social protection policies is under the spotlight in a new Bretton Woods Project publication written by our Senior Social Policy Specialist Stephen Kidd.

The paper highlights how social protection comprises a significant share of World Bank loans, reaching almost 10 per cent of lending to low-income countries in 2017, while around 10 per cent ...

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Ensuring citizens can exercise their right to social protection: the steps to develop a social accountability strategy

How can citizens better hold social protection officials to account and ensure that they can understand their entitlements? Our research project on social accountability in social protection for DFID provides some answers. Today we publish the technical guidance note, which offers guidance to social protection practitioners on how to strengthen social accountability in the delivery of programmes. It sets out ...

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Kenya’s Social Protection Secretariat highlights evidence for a new child benefit

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Kenya’s Social Protection Secretariat has highlighted new evidence showing the need for a child benefit for Kenyan children.

Cecilia Mbaka, Head of the Social Protection Secretariat, pointed to new evidence outlining that more than half of Kenyan children living below the poverty line, but most are excluded from social protection. She made the comments as she helped to launch ...

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Report launches on how citizen engagement strengthens social protection

The final report of our research into how and when social accountability initiatives to hold social protection officials to account through citizen engagement work is formally launched at a workshop with funders DFID and Age International today.

At the launch, Tamsin Ayliffe, Social Protection Consultant and Team Leader of the research project, will present key findings of the research, while Salum Rashid Mohamed, Head of the ...

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Citizen action can help improve social protection programmes, finds review

We find some evidence of positive effects of social audits in India.

Social accountability initiatives, such as spending audits that involve citizens, can help tackle corruption and improve social protection programmes, a review of the evidence has found.

The evidence on social accountability tools for social protection, which also include grievance mechanisms and committees of beneficiaries, is so far very limited. Development Pathways has carried out research with support from DfID to start filling the knowledge ...

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How can a social pension underpin an economic development strategy?

Fresh evidence on the impact of social pensions on local economies is contained in a new report published by the Government of Uganda this week. The report is published ahead of a London event on Making the Case for Social Protection with Ugandan MPs.

The report, published by the Ministry ...

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International Day for the Eradication of Poverty: what works?

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On the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, people are asking: can we end poverty? There is evidence that by investing a fraction of developing countries’ GDP in inclusive social protection, we can.

Inclusive lifecycle social security: an option for Uganda? considers the feasibility and likely effects of introducing a comprehensive social protection system in the country. The report for the Government of Uganda concludes that by investing ...

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Indonesia signals more universal child grants and action on violence following ground-breaking report

The Government of Indonesia has set out the situation for its 84 million children in order to establish a starting point for tracking action on the Sustainable Development Goals related to children.

The Government and Unicef SDG Baseline Report on Children in Indonesia, (available right), provides a snapshot of where the country’s children stand at the start of the period up to 2030, when the goals are ...

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The Political Economy of Social Protection in Asia

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The Asian Development Bank has just released a new book examining social protection for informal workers in Asia. We recommend you read Chapter 3, written by Stephen Kidd and Verena Damerau, which addresses the topic of the political economy of social protection in Asia. in it, they explore the ...

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Exclusion by Design: the Proxy Means Test

Exclusion by design
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In recent years, the proxy means test (PMT) has become the predominant targeting mechanism for social assistance schemes in developing countries. It has many powerful advocates and claims that it ‘can accurately and cost-effectively target the chronic poor’ are common. Yet, these claims are not reflected in the evidence nor in the experience of many communities where the PMT ...

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Progress and disparities among children in South Africa

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Development Pathways is proud to share a new report titled “Global goals for every child: Progress and disparities among children in South Africa”. The report is one of the first to use the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations to chart progress and to highlight critical challenges that directly affect the lives of children. It was published by the ...

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Uganda’s Senior Citizen’s Grant: A success story from the heart of Africa


Development Pathways is pleased to share the paper  ‘Uganda’s Senior Citizen’s Grant: A success story from the heart of Africa‘ by Stephen Kidd.

In this paper Development Pathways’ Stephen Kidd discusses the success of Uganda’s Senior Citizens’ Grant (SCG), with evidence from the evaluation of the programme. The SCG, a Government of Uganda collaboration with the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) and Irish Aid, ...

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Social Assistance in Vietnam: Review and Proposals for Reform 

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In recent decades, Vietnam’s social protection system has grown, but remains imbalanced, with most benefits continuing to reach the better-off, rather than the majority of the population. Therefore, we are pleased to share Social Assistance in Vietnam: Review and Proposals for Reform which provides an overview of Vietnam’s national social protection system. It was prepared by ...

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Social exclusion and access to social protection schemes

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We’re pleased to share an important new paper by Stephen Kidd, examining the links between social exclusion and access to social protection. The paper is an essential read for those seeking to develop more inclusive social protection policies and schemes and has been funded and published by Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). Based on a wide range of international evidence, it ...

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Child Well-being and Social Security in Georgia: The Case for Moving to a More Inclusive National Social Security System

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Development Pathways is pleased to share a new report, “Child Wellbeing and Social Security in Georgia: The Case for Moving to a More Inclusive National Social Security System”, published by the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and authored by Stephen Kidd and Bjorn Gelders.

The report presents innovative new analysis on income dynamics and movements into and out of poverty using data from a representative panel survey that tracked the same households over ...

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Child-Sensitive Social Protection in Fiji: Assessment of the Care and Protection Allowance

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Development Pathways is pleased to share a new publication, ‘Child-sensitive Social Protection in Fiji: Assessment of the Care and Protection Allowance’, launched today in the presence of the Minister for Women, Children and Poverty Alleviation, Hon. Rosy Akbar, UNICEF Pacific Representative, Dr. Karen Allen, and other high-ranking government officials and development partners. It is the first ...

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