Graduating Into — Not Out of — a National Social Security System: Pathways’ Perspective #5

Graduation Programmes have gone a long way in helping many vulnerable families develop diversified sources of income, build up their assets and self-confidence, and be more resilient to shocks and crises. But how do people fare once they have graduated from – or left – the intervention?

Perspective #5 argues that in order to ensure sustainability of benefits, countries implementing Graduation programmes must develop a national social security system for all vulnerable households, and that Graduation programme participants should have long-term access to these benefits in order to maintain their higher incomes.


While Development Pathways may not necessarily agree with the views of the authors, we believe it is important to give people space to express their opinions.

About the Author

Karishma Huda is a Senior Social Policy Specialist with Development Pathways, and has been working in social protection and financial inclusion for several years. She is a fan of programmes aiming to get people out of extreme poverty, but thinks they should come with a healthy dose of realism.

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