Stephen Kidd

Senior Social Policy Specialist & CEO

Stephen Kidd has over three decades supported robust strategies and effective delivery in social development and social protection in Africa, Asia, the Pacific and Latin America. Our CEO led DFID’s social protection work, policy at HelpAge International, and a development programme in Paraguay. He proudly hails from Newcastle.

Stephen Kidd's Work

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Social Protection and Disability in South Africa

This working paper launches a new series of publications that identify good practice in enabling the inclusion of persons with disabilities in social protection systems and programmes. It finds that...

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How to Implement Inclusive Social Protection Schemes
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How to Implement Inclusive Social Protection Schemes

The policy guide How to Implement Inclusive Social Protection Schemes outlines how the two factors that are key to the success of programmes are simplicity of design and level of...

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Pro-Poor or Anti-Poor
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Pro-Poor or Anti-Poor?

Stephen Kidd considers the growing role of the World Bank and IMF in shaping national social protection policies as questions are being asked about their approach to the issue.

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Transfer Values Kenya
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Transfer Values in Kenya’s National Social Security System

This report seeks to examine the current transfer values of Kenya’s tax-financed social security schemes and assess whether they are set at an appropriate level.

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How to Design Inclusive Social Protection Systems
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How to Design Inclusive Social Protection Systems

The policy guide sets out a step-by-step process of extending coverage in order to realise the right to social security for all, citing a number of examples including Nepal, a low-income nation that introduced an old age pension for everyone aged 75 years and over and a scheme for widows aged 60 years.

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Why We Need Social Protection
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Why We Need Social Protection

This e-learning guide, developed by UNESCAP with Development Pathways, raises awareness of the role social protection systems can play in tackling poverty.

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Are you designing social protection schemes from a charity or a citizenship paradigm?

Social protection is not always beneficial and popular. A way of predicting whether a programme will have positive impacts and be supported by voters is to identify whether it falls...

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Social pensions and their contribution to economic growth

A Ugandan Ministry of Gender, Labour & Social Development and the Expanding Social Protection programme report reviews evidence on how social pensions help expand local economies. It says that a number...

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Anti-Social Registries: how a database excludes many from social protection

A craze sweeping the social protection world for Social Registries is systematically depriving some of the world’s poorest not only of social protection but also of access to vital services. So argues our...

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Debating Graduation
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The effectiveness of the Graduation Approach: What does the evidence tell us?

In a special edition of the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth’s Policy in Focus, the graduation approach to poverty reduction is explored by a number of contributors. The paper...

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Exclusion by Design: the effectiveness of the Proxy Means Test

In recent years, the proxy means test (PMT) has become the predominant targeting mechanism for social assistance schemes in developing countries. It has many powerful advocates and claims that it...

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Social Protection for Informal Workers
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Social Protection for Informal Workers in Asia

A book addressing gaps in social protection for informal workers in Asia that discusses  issues  that need to be addressed, including financing,  design,  governance,  and  political economy. Chapter 7 by...

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Social Assistance in Vietnam: Review and Proposals for Reform
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Social Assistance in Vietnam: Review and Proposals for Reform

In recent decades, Vietnam’s social protection system has grown, but remains imbalanced, with most benefits continuing to reach the better-off, rather than the majority of the population. Social Assistance in...

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To condition or not to condition: what is the evidence?

‘The World Bank do not like having conditions imposed on them: so why impose them on others?’ In the first of our Pathways Perspectives of the year, we look at...

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The Effectiveness of Targeting: Options for Uganda
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The Effectiveness of Targeting: Options for Uganda

This paper attempts to clarify the concept of targeting within the context of Uganda and discuss the most effective means of ensuring that ‘the poor’ and vulnerable are included in...

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Uganda’s Senior Citizens’ Grant: A success story from the heart of Africa

In this paper Development Pathways’ Stephen Kidd discusses the success of Uganda’s Senior Citizens’ Grant (SCG), with evidence from the evaluation of the programme. The SCG, a Government of Uganda...

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Inclusive lifecycle social security: An option for Uganda?
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Inclusive lifecycle social security: An option for Uganda?

Inclusive lifecycle social security: an option for Uganda? considers the feasibility and likely effects of introducing a comprehensive social protection system in the low-income country. The report, available for download below, for...

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The Political Economy of ‘Targeting’ of Social Security Schemes

Don’t target ‘the poor’ if you really want to help ‘the poor’  In this edition of our Pathways Perspectives, Stephen Kidd examines the evidence on the political economy of ‘targeting’. By...

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Child wellbeing and social security in Georgia
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Child wellbeing and social security in Georgia: the case for moving to a more inclusive national social security system

This UNICEF paper examines a range of options for increasing the impacts of the national social security system on children. It suggests that if Georgia is considering extending the Child...

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The design and management of cash transfer programmes: an overview

Social protection programmes are increasingly recognised as an important tool for tackling poverty and inequality in developing countries, with many implementing large-scale cash transfer programmes aiming to offer comprehensive access...

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Child-Sensitive Social Protection in Fiji: Assessment of the Care and Protection Allowance

UNICEF and Fiji’s Ministry of Women, Children and Poverty Alleviation commissioned Development Pathways to carry out the assessment of the Care and Protection Allowance, a national scheme that provides monthly cash transfers and food vouchers to children in vulnerable and low-income families.

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Establishing Comprehensive National Old Age Pension Systems

KfW Development Bank commissioned Stephen Kidd through Development Pathways for this paper which describes and explains the policy options available to developing countries committed to offering universal pension coverage and...

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Social Protection: An Effective and Sustainable Investment in Developing Countries
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Social Protection: An Effective and Sustainable Investment in Developing Countries

A KfW paper details some of the impacts of tax-financed social protection schemes in developing countries and the significant positive benefits that they bring. These range from building human capital to...

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Social Exclusion and Access to Social Protection schemes
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Social Exclusion and Access to Social Protection schemes

Exclusion from social protection remains a significant challenge. This study, based on interviews with researchers and programme implementers in Indonesia, Kenya, South Africa and Uganda, and a literature review and experience across many countries, explores factors behind this.

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The Misuse of the Term 'Graduation' in Social Policy
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The Misuse of the Term ‘Graduation’ in Social Policy

In our 14th Pathways Perspective, Stephen Kidd, Senior Social Policy Advisor, discusses why the term ‘graduation’ should be eliminated from international development discourse. The term ‘graduation’ conflates the two concepts...

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Rethinking ‘Targeting’ in International Development

Stephen Kidd argues that the debates on targeting are essentially ideological, and we need to rethink the way in which we approach the issue.

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Achieving Education and Health Outcomes in Pacific Islands
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Achieving Education and Health Outcomes in Pacific Island Countries

A research paper examining the challenges facing Pacific Island countries as they strive to improve the health and education of their people. It examines the policies that need to be...

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Poverty, Vulnerability and Social Protection in the Pacific - the Role of Social Transfers
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Poverty, Vulnerability and Social Protection in the Pacific – the Role of Social Transfers

This paper examines the evidence on poverty and vulnerability and its causes in the region, and seeks to understand what role social transfers such as pensions, child grants and disability grants, could play in tackling poverty.

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Bolsa unFAMILIAr

Senior Social Policy Specialists Stephen Kidd and Karishma Huda write about the misconceptions of Brazil’s conditional cash transfer, Bolsa Familia, in the ninth edition of our Pathways Perspectives publications. Our...

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The Zomba conditional cash transfer experiment: An assessment of its methodology

In the 6th edition of our Pathways Perspectives publications, Stephen Kidd and Rebecca Calder examine the results of a study undertaken by the World Bank in an attempt to assess...

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A Case Study of How Not to do Targeting Analysis

Stephen Kidd provides a critique of a recent World Bank paper that provides an excellent example of how not to do targeting analysis. The World Bank paper demonstrates how to...

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Social Safety Net ≠ Safety Net

This Perspective argues that the majority of “social safety nets” do not, in fact, fulfil the minimum criteria of a “safety net:” in effect, they are not available to catch people as they fall into poverty.

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Child Poverty in OECD Countries: Lessons for Developing Countries

Child Poverty in OECD Countries: Lessons for Developing Countries by Stephen Kidd is a think piece examining how developed countries have tackled child poverty, and what this might mean for...

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In recent years, social protection has moved rapidly up the policy agenda in developing countries. Debates on the design of social protection schemes, however, are often dominated by ideological discussions, such as whether to introduce conditions. Less attention is given to implementation challenges and the demands placed on countries’ administrative systems. Management information systems (MISs) are core to the design of social protection schemes. Indeed, social protection schemes could be regarded as systems of information management. The various components of social protection schemes – such as “targeting”,“registration”, “conditions”, “payments”, “grievance systems” and “exit and graduation” – all require information to be captured, transferred, stored and analysed. Yet, little attention is paid to MISs in the social protection literature. This paper, therefore, aims to fill a gap in the literature by examining good practice in the design of MISs for social protection.
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Good practice in the development of management information systems for social protection

In recent years, social protection has moved rapidly up the policy agenda in developing countries. Debates on the design of social protection schemes, however, are often dominated by ideological discussions....

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Assessing Targeting Options for Nepal’s Social Grants – What Does The Evidence Tell Us?
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Assessing Targeting Options for Nepal’s Social Grants – What Does The Evidence Tell Us?

The Government of Nepal and development partners have been working together to develop a stronger evidence base to inform thinking about social protection policy and support the implementation and scale...

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Equal pensions, equal rights?
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Equal pensions, equal rights: achieving universal pension coverage for older women and men in developing countries

In most countries, state pensions are financed from pay-roll taxes. However, such pensions have a strong male bias, with more men than women accessing them while also receiving higher benefits....

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