This report provides an in-depth assessment of the targeting mechanisms used for the cash and food for assets programme by WFP and the National Drought Management Authority (NDMA). It aims to answer the following questions: How effective are the targeting mechanisms in reaching food insecure and vulnerable households? What are the costs of targeting? What systems exist for dealing with grievances and appeals, and for monitoring of targeting? The methodology involved a mix of qualitative and quantitative approaches, including: key informant interviews with different stakeholders; field research in 11 communities across three counties; and statistical analysis of data from Kenya’s 2014 Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS), the twice-yearly food security assessments known as the long and short rains assessments (LRA/SRA), and other administrative source.