Fragmentation and a lack of coherence between different laws, policies and regulations governing Jordan’s social protection system pose significant barriers to closing coverage gaps. As this report explores, social protection programmes in Jordan are implemented by, or rely upon, several agencies, with no strong overarching coordinating body. The resulting contradictions in laws, definitions and procedures can impede the protection of the right to social protection, especially for the most vulnerable who struggle most to navigate the inconsistencies and ambiguities.
The overall objective of this report is to identify options to strengthen legislative and policy coherence on the extension of social security in Jordan through an in-depth analysis of the national legal and policy frameworks. It will take particular interest in the case of extension of coverage to agricultural workers, self-employed workers, non-nationals (including refugees), domestic workers and female workers. It will consider legislation and policy under the Social Security Corporation, as well as related areas including labour market, immigration, and social assistance policies. In doing so, it will highlight gaps and contradictions in policy and legislation, and areas that disincentivize and incentivize workers from participating in social security. Based on these contradictions, incentives, and disincentives, it will provide policy makers with recommendations to address them.