This working paper is part of a series of publications that identify good practice in enabling the inclusion of persons with disabilities in social protection systems and programmes.
It finds that Rwanda continues to deliver its social protection within a poor relief – or targeted social assistance – model. The vast majority of persons with disabilities, including those with severe disabilities, are likely to be excluded from social protection schemes – in particular the Vision 2020 Umurenge Program (VUP), although reliable data is lacking. At the same time, it is likely that the weak classification of disability used in targeting mechanisms is encouraging more people to be classified as unable to work due to a disability, and no monitoring is being undertaken to determine whether the disability classification mechanism is being manipulated. Unless there is a move to a more inclusive system based on individual entitlements, it is likely that the vast majority of persons with disability will continue to be unable to access social protection. This analysis generates some key policy and programme level recommendations.
This paper is one of seven country case studies produced as part of the DFID-financed study: Leaving no-one behind: How social protection can help people with disabilities move out of extreme poverty.