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Improving food, nutrition and income security in Karamoja

Karamoja, a northeastern region in Uganda, has been perceived as ‘lagging behind’ and has been treated by external parties, both the Government and development partners, as an exception to the rest of the country.

 We agreed to provide technical support to WFP in Uganda to inform the rationale for a reorientation of a future livelihoods programme in Karamoja to better support social protection objectives. We engaged key national and district level stakeholders such as the Office of the Prime Minister, Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development, and NGOs working in Karamoja to understand the need for a reorientation of future programming.

Development Pathways’ team carried-out a Situational Analysis (including both data analysis and qualitative field research) to propose a different interpretation, whereby the Karamojong’s problems are cast as being more similar to those of other rural areas of northern Uganda and related to issues such as deficient universal goods (healthcare, education and social security), land rights, low wages and high unemployment rates. The research was based on an intergenerational/life-cycle approach identifying stresses, shocks and vulnerabilities across the lifecycle, and addressing the inter-generational perpetuation of income, food and nutrition insecurities.

The result is a Situational Analysis report, as well as policy briefs, that are particularly useful for policy makers, both government and development partners, since specific problems are identified and appropriate interventions suggested.